Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence | CEO: Oren Etzioni

Mission: "to contribute to humanity through high-impact AI research and engineering"

+ Founded in 2014 by Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft

+ Research areas: A.I. systems that answer science questions; extract knowledge from images, diagrams, and videos; solve math and geometry problems; conduct more efficient scientific literature searches


Geekie | CEO: Claudio Sassaki

Mission: To improve Brazilian education by developing and distributing adaptive educational software

+ Founded in 2011 in Brazil by Claudio Sassaki and Eduardo Bontempo

+ "How software that learns as it teaches is upgrading Brazilian education" (The Guardian, January 2016)


Google DeepMind | CEO: Denis Hassabis

+ Mission: "Solve intelligence - Use it to make the world a better place"

+ Founded in London, 2010 by Demis Hassabis, Shane Legg, and Mustafa Suleyman. Acquired by Google in 2014

Future of Humanity Institute | Director: Nick Bostrom

Mission: "to bring the tools of mathematics, philosophy, and science to bear on big-picture questions about humanity and its prospects."

+ Founded in 2005 by Nick Bostrom as part of the Oxford Faculty of Philosophy and Oxford Martin School.

+ Research areas: Macrostrategy; A.I. Safety; Technology forecasting and risk assessment; Policy and industry

+ Over 200 peer-reviewed publications with over 5,500 citations in total

+ "Omens" (Aeon, February 2013)

Google Brain Research Team

+ Mission: "Make machines intelligent. Improve people's lives."

+ Began in 2011 as part-time research collaboration between Jeff Dean, Greg Corrado, and Andrew Ng. (Wikipedia: Google Brain)

+ Research areas: Machine learning algorithms and techniques, computer systems for machine learning, natural language understanding, perception, healthcare, robotics, music and art generation

IBM | Chairman, President, and CEO: Virginia (Ginni) Rometty

+ “Digital is the wires, but digital intelligence, or artificial intelligence as some people call it, is about much more than that. This next decade is about how you combine those and become a cognitive business. It’s the dawn of a new era.” - CEO Ginni Rometty

+ 'Watson', a technology platform that analyzes large amounts of unstructured data, famously competed on Jeopardy! and defeated former champions Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings in 2011. 

+ Applications of 'Watson': evidence-based medical treatment; scientific discovery; data analytics; customer service

Kaggle | CEO: Anthony Goldbloom

Mission: To produce the best predictive models through online competition

+ Founded in 2010 by Anthony Goldbloom and Ben Hamner

+ "How Kaggle is Changing How We Work" (The Atlantic, April 2013)


Microsoft Research: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning 

Mission: "Building software that automatically learns from data to create more advanced, intelligent computer systems"

+ Research groups (since 2015): Machine Learning; Machine Translation; Data Mining and Enterprise Intelligence; Urban Computing; Natural Language Processing; Aerial Informatics and Robotics; Health Intelligence; Systems Research - NYC; Artificial Intelligence; Society, Ethics, and AI; Machine Teaching; Machine Learning, Natural Language Systems and Applications; Foundations; Genomics; Deep Learning Technology Center; Machine Learning and Optimization

Machine Intelligence Research Institute | Executive Director: Nate Soares

+ Mission: "To ensure that the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence has a positive impact."

+ Research objectives: (1) how can we design AI systems that reliably pursue the goals they are given?; (2) how can we design learning systems to learn goals that are aligned with human values?; (3) how can we build AI systems that cooperate with the operators as they improve its design, given that programmer errors are inevitable?

+ Founded in 2000 by Eliezer Yudkowsky, Brian Atkins, and Sabine Atkins as the Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence; Renamed the Machine Intelligence Research Institute in 2013 (Wikipedia: Machine Intelligence Research Institute)